A septic sewer system consists of many different parts, that combined, help contain and efficiently control all waste water. The two primary components of all septic systems are the Septic Tank and the Disposal Field.
The Septic Tank is a watertight receptacle that receives all waste water from a building and is designed so that solids float on the top or settle to the bottom and the liquids that are partially treated by bacteria are discharge through the rest of the sewage system.
A Disposal Field is part of the sewage system where waste water flows to after leaving the septic tank. The septic tank will treat the sewage to at least a primary standard before allowing waste water to enter the disposal field. This area allows for absorption through the soil. Adequate soil must be present to filter the waste water before this water then enters the ground water system.